Indian Heritage Submerged

February 28, 2009




              Submerged Heritage



                   You please see the above picture. The above temples represent  one of the most historical place in Purulia. Locally, this area is known as Bhairabsthan-it is about seven KMs from TELKUPI. Bhairabsthan  was built on the bank of Damodar river. The picture was taken in the 1872 by Bloch.


DVC( Damoda Vally Corporation)  constructed one of the biggest dams just immediate after the independence. The dam was the dream of the then Prime Minister Nehuru. Now it is called Nehuru dam. Just above the site  ,the dam is known as Panchet dam. Panchet dam  flowed excess water over Bhairab -sathan and washed all the temples or submerged them –ultimately destroyed the historical site and caused heritage loss.


Beglar found about 20 temples in a contiguous manner. He documented all these temples. Thanks to the on line Gallery Library for preserving those rare documents as welll as photographs-where one can see the photographs of those temples taken by Belgar . During 1960s Deblena Mitra made an extensive survey on the area for her interest and researches. She also found many of the temples standing despite the erratic behaviour of the Damodar river.  The moment Chandil dam was created-it strengthened the ill-power of Panchet dam and began to consume the heritage culture as existed at Bharabsthan. Temples and surrounding villages were  destroyed by the overflow of water. The matter was moved by some conscious people but all became fruitless.



The below picture gives the state of the temples  during 1962. The picture was taken by the Archaeological Department,Government of India









Just adjacent to Bharabsthan – there was another temple-area at Telkupi. This place was also at the brink of river Damodar. Beglar photographed temples these in 1872.

Let you find some of them below











The right hand picture shows one temple rising above  river today         





Telkupi  was the trade place of merchants during the period of Bikramaditya. Many stories of Bikramaditya are traditionally told and mentioned at different occasion. The 23rd Trithankar-Parswanath visited this place. According to Beglar this place known to Heu-en Sungh. The temples were Jain worship site constructed before or during Pala period.



These temples had stone made images. Some of the images which were recovered  could be seen by the above picture. There are many which are underwater.

Should we unearth our extinct-or part- extinct heritage remaining submerged?